News In Brief
Posted February 2020
- Sandip Sukhtankar co-authors an op-ed in the Hindustan Times on his research results on biometric authentication, prompting almost every major newspaper in India (The Indian Express, The Telegraph, Scroll, and The Hindu) to write about his findings. Read the research paper here.
Posted January, 2020
- UVA forum on impeachment held in the Rotunda attracts standing-room only crowd
Posted November, 2019
- Giving Shots of Ethics? Corruption, Culture, and the Context of Organizational Socialization in the Police
A talk by Professor of Practice Vaneet Kapoor
- Impeachment, Bribery, and Corruption
See the talk by Professors Deborah Hellman and Michael Gilbert
- Professors Want to Make Corruption CLEAR
Professors Deborah Hellman and Michael Gilbert are inaugural scholars in UVA’s Corruption Lab on Ethics, Accountability, and the Rule of Law.
Posted October, 2019
- CLEAR Lab Announces Launch Event
CORRUPTION AND INSTITUTIONAL DECAY: FEATURING WILLIAM BROWDER
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
10:00 am - UVA's Miller Center
William Browder, David Gergen, Shan Aman-Rana, Kara Brockmeyer, Michael Gilbert, Daniel W. Gingerich, Deborah Hellman, Philip Keefer, Stephen D. Mull, David Singerman, Sandip Sukhtankar, Sylvia Tidey
At home and abroad, America faces the issue of corruption in the institutions upon which we have come to rely. Join us for the inaugural event of the Democracy Initiative’s Corruption Laboratory for Ethics, Accountability, and the Rule of Law (CLEAR). The event will feature William Browder, a businessman who has been declared a threat to Russian national security.
Posted October, 2019
- DAN GINGERICH - BUYING POWER: ELECTORAL STRATEGY BEFORE THE SECRET VOTE
CLEAR Lab Worskshop Series, October 17, 2019
Abstract: Research on clientelism emphasizes the use of brokers to mobilize voters. To utilize these agents efficiently, politicians must learn about brokers’ relative abilities and allocate scarce resources accordingly. Drawing upon a hand-coded dataset based on the archives of Gustavo Capanema, a powerful mid-20th-century congressman from Minas Gerais, Brazil, this paper offers the first direct evidence of such learning dynamics. The analysis concentrates on Brazil’s pre-secret ballot era, a time when measuring broker performance was particularly straightforward. Consistent with theories of political learning, the data demonstrate that resource flows to local machines were contingent on the deviation between actual and expected votes received in previous elections. Moreover, given politicians’ ability to discern mobilization capacity, payments to brokers were highly effective in bringing out the vote. This suggests that one consequence of the transition to vote secrecy was likely a change in buying power: the extent to which money drives votes.
Posted September, 2019
- SANDIP SUKHTANKAR: AUTHENTICATION STANDARDS AND THE TRADEOFFS IN TACKLING CORRUPTION
CLEAR Lab Worskshop Series, September 12, 2019
Abstract: How should citizens prove their identity in order to access publicly provided goods and services? We use a large-scale experiment to evaluate the effects of more stringent ID requirements based on biometric authentication currently being imposed by the Government of India, characterizing how this has affected errors of inclusion and of exclusion in the delivery of subsidized food in the state of Jharkhand. Per se, requiring biometric authentication to transact did not reduce leakage, slightly increased transaction costs for the average beneficiary, and substantially reduced benefits received for the 23% of beneficiaries who had not previously linked an ID to the program database. Subsequent reforms that made use of authenticated transaction data to reduce allocations to the program coincided with large reductions in leakage, but also significant reductions in benefits received. Our results highlight the shadow costs in terms of exclusion that can arise from attempts to reduce corruption in welfare programs.
Posted July, 2019
- Jan Vogler will join us as a Post-Doctoral Research Associate in the Political Economy of Good Government (Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics & the Democracy Initiative). He recently completed his Ph.D. in political science–with a specialization in political economy and political methodology–at Duke University. His dissertation is entitled, “The Political Economy of Public Bureaucracy: The Emergence of Modern Administrative Organizations.” Prior to earning his Ph.D., Jan received a B.A. in political science from the Free University of Berlin and a M.Sc. (with distinction) in international relations (research) from the London School of Economics and Political Science. While completing his undergraduate degree, he studied economics as an additional minor and spent one year at the University of California, Berkeley. At UVA, he will be working on a number of topics, including state-citizen interactions, the interruption of self-government, and the quality of public institutions. His website is here: http://www.janvogler.net
Posted June, 2019
Jessica Ann Levy will join us as a postdoc for the next two years in the history of corruption and injustice. She earned her Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University and is currently a postdoctoral reseach associate in African-American Studies at Princeton University. At UVA, she will be working on a book project entitled Black Power, Inc.: Corporatizing Anti-Racist Struggles in the U.S. and Sub-Saharan Africa. You can read more about her work here: https://jessicaannlevy.wordpress.com/
Shan Aman-Rana (PhD candidate, London School of Economics) will be joining the Department of Economics and UVA-CLEAR as an Assistant Professor starting Fall 2019. Aman-Rana's research is on Development Economics and Organizational Economics, with her research examining incentives for bureaucratic promotions in the Pakistan Administrative Service (PAS, in which she has also served). Her website is https://www.shanamanrana.com/
- Vineet Kapoor will be joining UVA-CLEAR as a Visiting Professor of Practice for 2019-20. Dr. Kapoor is currently a senior Indian Police Service (IPS) Officer in India who also has a PhD from the Tata Institute of Social Sciences. He has worked with the United Nations Mission in Kosovo, been Principal of the two main Police Academies in Madhya Pradesh state, and also published a number of academic papers on human rights practices in policing.
- Professor Debbie Hellman’s paper, A Theory of Bribery won the American Philosophical Association's Fred R. Berger Prize for the best published paper from the prior two years in the field of Law and Philosophy.